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  • 新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情

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一文读懂“无症状感染者”六大疑问:并非确诊病例 传染性待研究

第一财经 2020-03-21 14:48:37

无症状感染者为何不纳入确诊病例?是否具有传染性?发现后如何医治?

JINRI,HUBEIWUHANCHUXIANLEGEBIEWUZHENGZHUANGGANRANZHE,DANBINGMEIYOUTONGJIWEIQUEZHENBINGLI,YINFAGONGZHONGGUANZHU。WUZHENGZHUANGGANRANZHEWEIHEBUNARUQUEZHENBINGLI?SHIFOUJUYOUCHUANRANXING?FAXIANHOURUHEYIZHI?

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WEILEJIESHIYIHUO,DIYICAIJINGJIZHEGENJUGUOJIA《XINXINGGUANZHUANGBINGDUFEIYANZHENLIAOFANGAN(SHIXINGDILIUBAN)》DENGWENJIANYIJIYIXIEYANJIUCHENGGUO,ZONGJIE“WUZHENGZHUANGGANRANZHE”DELIUDAXIANGGUANWENTI。

一 何为无症状感染者?

YIJU《XINXINGGUANZHUANGBINGDUFEIYANZHENLIAOFANGAN(SHIXINGDILIUBAN)》:WULINCHUANGZHENGZHUANG,HUXIDAODENGBIAOBENXINXINGGUANZHUANGBINGDUBINGYUANXUEHUOXUEQINGlgMKANGTIJIANCEYANGXINGZHE。QISHIKELIJIEWEISHIZHIMEIYOUFASHAO、KESOUDENGLINCHUANGZHENGZHUANG,DANQIHESUANJIANCEYOUSHIYANGXINGDEREN。

MUQIANZHIDELINCHUANGZHENGZHUANGZHUYAOSHIHUANZHEZAIGANRANLEBINGDUZHIHOU,HUANZHEHUICHUXIANYIFARE、GANKE、FALIWEIZHUDEZHUYAOBIAOXIAN,SHAOLIANGHUANZHEYOUBISAI、LIUTI、YANTONG、JITONGHEFUXIEDENGZHENGZHUANG,ZHONGZHENGHUANZHEZAIFABINGHOUYIZHOUHUICHUXIANHUXIKUNNANHUODIYANGXUEZHENGDENG。

体育彩票七星彩SHANGSHUZHENGZHUANG,WUZHENGZHUANGGANRANZHEDOUBUJUYOU。QICI,WUZHENGZHUANGGANRANZHEZAIYIXIEFUZHUJIANCHASHANGYEKANBUDAOBIANHUA,BIRUZAOQIXUECHANGGUIZHONGBAIXIBAOJISHUYIJILINBAXIBAOJISHUDENGDOUMEIYOUWENTI,QICISHIXIONGBUYINGXIANGYEZHENGCHANG。

体育彩票七星彩ERWUZHENGZHUANGGANRANZHEDEQUEDING,BIXUJUYOUJUBEIYIXIABINGYUANXUEHUOXUEQINGXUEZHENGJUZHIYI:

体育彩票七星彩SHISHIYINGGUANGRT-PCRJIANCEXINGUANBINGDUHESUANJIANCEYANGXING;

BINGDUJIYINCEXU,YUYIZHIXINXINGGUANZHUANGBINGDUGAODUTONGYUAN;

体育彩票七星彩XUEQINGXINXINGGUANZHUANGBINGDUTEYIXINGIgMKANGTIHEIgGKANGTIYANGXING;XUEQINGXINXINGGUANZHUANGBINGDUTEYIXINGIgGKANGTIYOUYINXINGZHUANWEIYANGXINGHUOHUIFUQIJIAOJIXINGQI4BEIJIYISHANGSHENGGAO。

二 是否属于确诊病例?

体育彩票七星彩MUQIANSUOGONGBUWEIQUEZHENBINGLIBIXUJUBEILINCHUANGZHENGZHUANGBIAOXIAN,TONGSHIJUBEIYIXIABINGYUANXUEHUOXUEQINGXUEZHENGJUZHIYIZHE:SHISHIYINGGUANGRT-PCRJIANCEXINGUANBINGDUHESUANJIANCEYANGXING;BINGDUJIYINCEXU,YUYIZHIXINXINGGUANZHUANGBINGDUGAODUTONGYUAN;XUEQINGXINXINGGUANZHUANGBINGDUTEYIXINGIgMKANGTIHEIgGKANGTIYANGXING,XUEQINGXINXINGGUANZHUANGBINGDUTEYIXINGIgGKANGTIYOUYINXINGZHUANWEIYANGXINGHUOHUIFUQIJIAOJIXINGQI4BEIJIYISHANGSHENGGAO。

YOUCIKEJIAN,BUJUYOULINCHUANGBIAOXIANDEWUZHENGZHUANGGANRANZHEBUSHUYUQUEZHENBINGLI,BUZAIGONGKAIDEQUEZHENBINGLISHUZINEI。

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三 是否具有传染性?

体育彩票七星彩2YUE6RI,GUOJIAWEIJIANWEIFABUDE《XINXINGGUANZHUANGBINGDUFEIYANZHENLIAOFANGAN(SHIXINGDIWUBAN)》ZHONGSHOUCITICHU“WUZHENGZHUANGGANRANZHEYEKENENGCHENGWEICHUANRANYUAN”。

SHIWEIZUZHITONGGUODUIZHONGDONGHUXIZONGHEZHENGGUANZHUANGBINGDU(MERS)DEGUANCHAFAXIAN,GUANZHUANGBINGDUTONGGUOWUZHENGZHUANGHUANZHECHUANBODEQINGKUANGFEICHANGHANJIAN,YINCISHIWEIZUZHIRENWEI:WUZHENGZHUANGHUANZHEKENENGBUSHIBINGDUZHUYAODECHUANBOZHE。

2YUEXIAXUN,NANJINGJIBINGYUFANGHEKONGZHIZHONGXINZAIYUYINBANFUWUPINGTAImedRxivBAODAOLE24LIWUZHENGZHUANGXINGUANBINGDUBING(COVID-19)BINGLIDELINCHUANGBIAOXIANHELIUXINGBINGXUETEZHENG。TIMUSHI“Clinical Characteristics of 24 Asymptomatic Infections with COVID-19 Screened among Close Contacts in Nanjing, China”。 ZHEIXIANGYANJIUDEYIYISHIFAXIANLEWUZHENGZHUANGXIEDAIZHEJUYOUQIANGCHUANRANXING,CHUANRANQIKENENGZHANGDA3-4ZHOU,BINGQIEBEIQICHUANRANDEHUANZHEKENENGHUIFAZHANCHENGZHONGZHENG。GAIJIEGUOTUCHULEYINGYONGBINGDUHESUANJIANCEJINXINGHUANZHEDEMIQIEJIECHUZHEZHUIZONGHEZONGXIANGJIANKONGDEZHONGYAOXING。。”

四 无症状感染者如何上报?

ANZHAO《XINXINGGUANZHUANGBINGDUGANRANDEFEIYANFANGKONGFANGAN(DISIBAN)》XIANGGUANGUIDING,GEJIGELEIYILIAOWEISHENGJIGOUFAXIANWUZHENGZHUANGGANRANZHE,YINGDANGDUIQICAIQUJIZHONGGELI14TIAN,BINGQIEZAILIANGGEXIAOSHINEIJINXINGWANGLUOZHIBAO。XIAN、QUJIJIKONGJIGOUZAIJIEDAOWUZHENGZHUANGGANRANZHEBAOGAOHOU,24XIAOSHINEIYAOWANCHENGGEANDEDIAOCHA,JISHIJINXINGMIQIEJIECHUZHEDENGJI,BINGCAIQUGELICUOSHI。TONGSHI,JIANGGEANDIAOCHABIAOHEDIAOCHABAOGAOJISHITONGGUOWANGLUOBAOGAOXITONGJINXINGSHANGBAO。

体育彩票七星彩YOUCIKEJIAN,WUZHENGZHUANGGANRANZHESHANGBAODESHUZIBINGBUSHUYUQIANGZHIGONGKAIFANWEI。

体育彩票七星彩GUOJIAWEIJIANWEIFUZHURENCENGYIXINBIAOSHI:“RUGUOSHIWUZHENGZHUANGGANRANZHEZAIJIZHONGGELIQIJIANCHUXIANLEZHENGZHUANG,ZHEIGESHIHOUKEJIANGQIZUOWEIQUEZHENBINGLIBAOGAO,BINGQIEDUIWAIYUYIGONGBU。”

五 无症状感染者是否需要接受治疗?

体育彩票七星彩2YUE26RI,LAIZIZHONGGUOKEXUEJISHUDAXUEFUSHUDIYIYUAN(ANHUISHENGLIYIYUAN)、ANHUIYIKEDAXUEFUSHUANQINGYIYUAN、ANHUISHENGJIKONGZHONGXINDENGTUANDUIDEYANJIURENYUANZAIZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANKEJILUNWENYUFABUPINGTAIChinaXivTIJIAOLEYIXIANGZUIXINYANJIU(WEIJINGTONGXINGPINGSHEN),BAOGAOLEYIMINGXINGUANBINGDUWUZHENGZHUANGGANRANZHEDEFAXIANHELINCHUANGZHILIAOXIJIE。ZHILIAOHOUGUANCHADAODEGANMEISHENGGAOKENENGSHIYOUYUSHIYONGLELUOBINEIWEI/LITUONEIWEI,GANSUNSHANGSHIQICHANGJIANDEFUZUOYONG。

YINCI,YANJIUZHEYERENWEI,JINGELI+MIQIEGUANCHA,BUZAIHUANZHECHUXIANZHENGZHUANGZHIQIANZUOYAOWUGANYUKENENGGENGJIAANQUAN。YUSHIJIANYIDUIYUWUZHENGZHUANGHUOZHENGZHUANGQINGWEIDEHUANZHE,GELIHEMIQIEGUANCHAKENENGFENGXIANGENGXIAO。

GUOJIAWEIJIANWEIFUZHURENCENGYIXINBIAOSHI,WUZHENGZHUANGGANRANZHEJIANGBEIGELI14TIAN。

六 无症状感染者如何发现?

体育彩票七星彩2YUE14RIGUOWUYUANLIANFANGLIANKONGJIZHIFABUHUISHANG,GUOJIAWEIJIANWEIFUZHURENCENGYIXINJIESHAOLEFAXIANWUZHENGZHUANGGANRANZHEDESIGEZHUYAOLAIYUAN:

XINGUANFEIYANBINGLIDEMIQIEJIECHUZHE,ZAIYIXUEGUANCHAQIFAXIANLEYIXIEZHEIYANGDEREN;

ZAIJUJIXINGYIQINGDEDIAOCHAZHONG,ZAIKAIZHANYIXIEZHUDONGJIANCEDEGUOCHENGZHONG,WOMENKENENGFAXIANWUZHENGZHUANGGANRANZHE;

体育彩票七星彩ZAIXINGUANFEIYANBINGLIDECHUANRANYUANZHUIZONGGUOCHENGZHONG,DUIBAOLURENQUNJINXINGZHUDONGJIANCESHIKENENGFAXIANWUZHENGZHUANGGANRANZHE;

ZAIDUIYOUXINGUANFEIYANBINGLI、CHIXUCHUANBODIQUDELVXINGSHIHEJUZHUSHIDERENYUANZHUDONGJIANCESHI,KENENGHUIFAXIANWUZHENGZHUANGGANRANZHE。

责编:刘展超

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